Control Lawn Broadleaf Weeds Now;Feeding Hay To Cattle 10/27/06 3:56:11 PM
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FOR MORE INFORMATION,
DAVID KEY , DISTRICT
207 MAIN, SENECA
FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE: THE WEEK OF OCTOBER 22, 2006
EXTENSION LINE - K-STATE RESEARCH AND EXTENSION
CONTROL BROADLEAF WEEDS IN LAWNS NOW
Early November is the most effective time to control broadleaf weeds in
lawns. Dandelion usually produces a flush of new plants in late September and
the winter annual weeds henbit and chickweed should have germinated in October.
These young plants are small and easily controlled with herbicides such as 2,4-D
or combination products (Trimec, Weed-B-Gon, Weed-Out) that contain 2,4-D, MCPP
and Dicamba. Even established dandelions are more easily controlled now than in
the spring because they are actively moving materials from the top portion of
the plant to the roots. Herbicides will translocate to the roots as well and
will kill the plant from the roots up. Be sure to choose a day that is 50
degrees or higher. The better the weed is growing, the more weed killer will be
moved from the leaves to the roots. Cold temperatures will slow or stop this
Weed Free Zone is a relatively new herbicide and contains the three active
ingredients mentioned above plus carfentrazone. It gives a quicker response than
the other products mentioned and will work better when temperatures are below 50
REDUCE LOSSES WHEN FEEDING HAY TO BEEF CATTLE
Large round bales are the forage packaging system most widely used by beef
producers in Kansas. This is undoubtedly due to labor-saving considerations,
since this approach is about as close to a one-person operation as any
hay-harvesting system can be.
When feeding large round bales, significant forage waste can occur if certain
details are ignored. Hay losses during feeding can be expected with any feeding
system with the amount of losses varying with the particular system used.
Factors that contribute to waste include forage subject to trampling, leaf
shatter, chemical and physical deterioration as well as urine and fecal
contamination. The extent of these losses depends upon the feeding method,
interval between feedings, amounts fed at one time, weather conditions, and
number of animals being fed.
Stretching their existing forage supplies by reducing forage waste is
especially important. When feeding large round bales, consider the following
- Feed hay in smaller amounts or in a feeder to minimize waste. When fed
smaller quantities at feeding time, cattle have less opportunity to trample
forage. If a multiple day feed supply is provided, consider the use of a rack
or hay ring to minimize waste.
- Feed your forage in well-drained areas. Rotate your feeding areas among
well-drained sites on a regular basis. This practice will avoid pasture
scarring and also reduce the amount of wasted/residual forage. Dr. Albert
Broce at K-State has recently demonstrated that wasted forage helps create
idol breeding areas for horn flies. So attention to this rather tedious
management practice may pay off by reducing the number of flies the following
No matter what size of hay package or feeding style you use, some hay will be
lost or wasted. Attention to proper feeding management will reduce these losses.
Since hay is expensive this year, it makes sense to try to keep waste as low as
possible through good management practices.
K-State Research and
Extension is a short name for the Kansas State University Agricultural
Experiment Station and Cooperative Extension Service, a program designed to
generate and distribute useful knowledge for the well-being of Kansans.
Supported by county, state, federal and private funds, the program has county
Extension Offices, experiment fields, area Extension offices and Regional
research centers statewide. Its headquarters are on the K-State campus in